Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.526, No.4, 1118-1124, 2020
Effects of Helicobacter pylori on the glutathione-related pathway in gastric epithelial cells
Virulence factors of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) are diverse, so various biological responses happen in a host infected with H. pylori. The aim of this study is to conduct the metabolomics-based evaluation on H. pylori infection. AGS human gastric carcinoma cells were infected with H. pylori strain 26695, and then the altered metabolite pathways in the infected AGS cells were analyzed by metabolomics. Metabolites related to the glutathione (GSH) cycle were downregulated by H. pylori infection. Next, we evaluated the effects of H. pylori on the GSH-related pathway in AGS cells infected with H. pylori isolated from patients with atrophic gastritis (AG), duodenal ulcer (DU) and gastric cancer (GC). We found that the declined degree of GSH levels and oxidative stress were greater in AGS cells infected with GC strains than DU and AG-derived strains. There were no significant differences in almost mRNA expressions of GSH-related factors among different clinical strains, but the protein expression of glutathione synthetase was lower in AGS cells infected with GC-derived strains than DU and AG-derived strains. Our data demonstrates that GC-derived H. pylori-induced oxidative stress in a host is stronger and GC-derived strains may have suppressive influences on the host's GSH-related defense systems. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.