Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.526, No.4, 1036-1041, 2020
A GDSL-type esterase/lipase gene, GELP77, is necessary for pollen dissociation and fertility in Arabidopsis
Pollen wall characteristics are dramatically changed during pollen maturation. Many genes have been identified as regulators of such changes in pollen wall characteristics, but mechanisms of such changes have not been completely understood. Here, a GDSL-type esterase/lipase gene, GELP77, is shown to regulate such changes in Arabidopsis thaliana. GELP77-deficient (gelp77) plants exhibited male sterility, and this phenotype was suppressed by introduction of a GELP77 genomic fragment. Mature pollen grains of wild-type Arabidopsis plants have an organized reticulate surface structure and are dissociated from each other. In contrast, pollen grains of gelp77 lacked such a structure and were shrunken and stuck to each other. Nuclei were not detectable in gelp77 microspores at a putative uninucleate stage, suggesting that GELP77 is required as early as this stage. In plants that have the GELP77 promoter-GELP77-GFP transgene, the GELP77-GFP fusion protein was detected in microspores, tapetal cells and middle layer cells in anthers at post-meiotic stages, whereas not anthers at pre-meiotic stages. Analysis of amino acid sequences suggests that GELP77 is phylogenetically distant from the other 104 GDSL-type esterase/lipase genes in Arabidopsis and that GELP77 orthologs are present in various plant species. Together, these results indicate that GELP77 regulates pollen wall characteristics in Arabidopsis. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.