Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.527, No.1, 124-130, 2020
The nuclear localized RIN13 induces cell death through interacting with ARF1
Resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. Maculicola 1 (RPM1) is a crucial immune receptor conferring plant enhanced resistance to pathogenic bacteria. RPM1-interacting protein 13 (RIN13) enhances RPM1-mediated disease resistance through interacting with the central domain of RPM1 in Arabidopsis, while the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Here, we report the subcellular localization and function of RIN13 using the Nicotiana benthamiana (N. benthamiana) transient expression system. Our results showed that RIN13 is exclusively localized in the nucleus, and RIN13 (231-300) fragment is responsible for its nuclear localization. Transient expression of RIN13 in N. benthamiana leaves can accelerate leaf senescence and cell death, and affect the activities of ROS-scavenging enzymes, and the C-terminus of RIN13 is crucial for its function. Furthermore, we identified a RIN13-interacting protein, Auxin Response Factor 1 (ARF1), and found that similar to RIN13, ARF1 can also promote leaf senescence and cell death. In addition, expression of RIN13 in N. benthamiana leaves can facilitate the translocation of ARF1 into the nucleus. Collectively, our study revealed a possible mechanism of RIN13 in accelerating leaf senescence and cell death by changing the subcellular localization of ARF1. (c) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords:RIN13;RPM1;Plant defense;ARF1;ROS;Cell death