Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.527, No.3, 760-769, 2020
Interaction of the chaperones alpha B-crystallin and CHIP with fibrillar alpha-synuclein: Effects on internalization by cells and identification of interacting interfaces
The spread of fibrillar alpha-synuclein from affected to naive neuronal cells is thought to contribute to the progression of synucleinopathies. The binding of fibrillar alpha-synuclein to the plasma membrane is key in this process. We and others previously showed that coating fibrillar alpha-synuclein by the molecular chaperone Hsc70 affects fibrils properties. Here we assessed the effect of the two molecular chaperones alpha B-crystallin and CHIP on alpha-synuclein fibrils uptake by Neuro-2a cells. We demonstrate that both chaperones diminish fibrils take up by cells. We identify through a cross-linking and mass spectrometry strategy the interaction interfaces between alpha-synuclein fibrils and alpha B-crystallin or CHIP. Our results open the way for designing chaperone-derived polypeptide binders that interfere with the propagation of pathogenic alpha-synuclein assemblies. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.