Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.527, No.3, 709-715, 2020
Identification of inhibitors of Bcl-2 family protein-protein interaction by combining the BRET screening platform with virtual screening
Bcl-2 family proteins play key roles in tumor initiation, progression, and resistance to therapy. Therefore, the protein-protein interactions (PPIs) between the pro-survival proteins, B-cell lymphoma (Bcl)-2 and Bcl-xL, and the pro-apoptotic proteins, Bax and Bak, could be attractive therapeutic targets for anticancer drug discovery. Here, we found new small molecules, BIP-A1001 and BIP-A2001 that modulated Bak/Bax and Bcl-xL interactions by combining the Nanoluc/YFP-based bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) assay with structure based virtual screening. In addition, we chose compounds with similar structures to BIP-A1001 and BIP-A2001 and tested their inhibitory effects using the BRET assay as a dose-response function. The results indicated that identifying compounds that inhibit interactions between Bak/Bax and Bcl-xL could be a promising approach to enhance cancer therapy. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Protein-protein interaction (PPI);Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET);Bcl-2 proteins;Virtual screening;Small-molecule modulators