Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.527, No.3, 603-610, 2020
RASSF10 regulates bone invasion of growth hormone-secreting adenomas via exosomes
Background: Invasion of pituitary growth hormone-secreting adenoma into surrounding tissues poses a challenge for complete resection in surgery, which is the main reason for recurrence of this type of cancer. Studies have shown that abnormal methylation of RASSF10 can promote the expression of MDM2 and regulate the tumor microenvironment by affecting the secretion of exosomes. In the present study, we aim to uncover the specific underlying mechanism of this effect. Method: Transwell co-culture assays was performed using GT1.1 cells or exosomes and RAW264.7 cells. RAW264.7 cells were collected for invasion, proliferation and apoptosis assays, RT-qPCR and western blotting. RNA-seq was performed and used to assess the potential molecular pathways of the effect of GT1.1 cell-exosomes on RAW264.7 cells. Results: GT1.1 cells with reduced RASSF10 expression could promote the proliferation and migration of RAW264.7 cells, and promote their expression of osteoclast markers TRAP and CK. The effect of GT1.1 cell exosomes on the RAW264.7-cell phenotype was shown to be achieved through the RASSF10-MDM2 pathway. RNA-seq allowed the identification of PI3K-AKT, MAPK, and calcium signaling as important in this regulation system of RASSF10-MDM2. Conclusion: Our results indicate that GT1.1 cells activate PI3K-AKT, MAPK and calcium signaling via the RASSF10-MDM2 pathway, and promote the differentiation of RAW264.7 cells into osteoclasts through exosomes. This study may provide new ideas to aid in early diagnosis, prognostic assessment and treatment of aggressive pituitary adenomas. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.