Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.527, No.4, 1043-1049, 2020
Increase of mitochondria surrounding spindle causes mouse oocytes arrested at metaphase I stage
During oocyte meiosis, mitochondria usually surround spindle to meet the energy demand of spindle migration and chromosome segregation. Therefore, the mitochondrion surrounding spindle is widely accepted as an important indicator to demonstrate the mitochondrial function in oocyte studies. However, the role of mitochondria surrounding spindle in oocyte quality is not exactly addressed. Mitofusin-2 (MFN2) is a mitochondrial outer membrane GTPase that mediates mitochondrial clustering and fusion. Here, we increased the mitochondria surrounding spindle by overexpression of MFN2 in mouse oocytes. Results indicate that the increase of mitochondria surrounding spindle has little effect on germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), spindle migration, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) distribution, while blocks chromosome segregation, destroys the spindle, and finally causes most of the oocytes to arrest at metaphase I stage. Collectively, our results demonstrate the mitochondria surrounding spindle is precisely regulated during oocyte maturation, while too much of it may cause abnormal oocyte meiosis. Therefore, although mitochondrion surrounding spindle is a typical biological event during oocyte maturation, utilizing it to demonstrate the mitochondrial function and oocyte quality should be much careful. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.