Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.527, No.4, 1027-1032, 2020
Relationship of Agaricus bisporus mannose-binding protein to lectins with beta-trefoil fold
Agaricus bisporus mannose-binding protein (Abmb) was discovered as part of the mushroom tyrosinase (PPO3) complex, but its function in the mushroom has remained obscure. The protein has a beta-trefoil structure that is common for Ricin-B-like lectins. Indeed, its closest structural homologs are the hemagglutinin components of botulinum toxin (HA-33) and the Ricin-B-like lectin from Clitocybe nebularis (CNL), both of which bind galactose, and actinohivin, a recently discovered mannose-binding lectin from actinomycetes. Here we show that Abmb is evolutionarily related to them, which are lectins with a beta-trefoil fold. We also show for the first time that Abmb can exhibit typical lectin agglutination activity but only when in the complex with mushroom tyrosinase. This is unexpected and unique because the two proteins are not evolutionarily related and have different activities. Lectin and tyrosinase major role in defense mechanism as well as Abmb and PPO3 gene regulation during the early stages of the development of mushroom fruiting bodies suggested that Abmb has likely a function in defense against bacterial infection and/or insect-induced damage. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.