Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.527, No.4, 941-946, 2020
Synergistic stimulating effect of 2-hydroxymelatonin and BMP-4 on osteogenic differentiation in vitro
2-Hydroxymelatonin is a metabolite produced when melatonin 2-hydroxylase catalyzes melatonin. Recent studies have reported the important roles of melatonin in bone metabolism. However, the roles of 2-hydroxymelatonin in bone metabolism remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to present evidence of the effect of 2-hydroxymelatonin on osteogenic differentiation in C2C12 cells. In this study, we demonstrated the synergistic stimulating effect of 2-hydroxymelatonin and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-4 on osteogenic differentiation in vitro, using alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, Alizarin red S (ARS) staining, qPCR, and luciferase reporter assay. The combination of 2hydroxymelatonin and BMP-4 revealed a synergistic effect on osteogenic differentiation in vitro. This finding provides evidence that optimal concentrations of both 2-hydroxymelatonin and BMP-4 are beneficial for anabolic effects on bone in vitro. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.