Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.527, No.4, 902-908, 2020
Sauchinone attenuates inflammatory responses in dendritic cells via Blimp-1 and ameliorates dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a complex inflammatory disorder of the digestive tract with dys-regulated innate and adaptive immune responses. Dendritic cells (DC), the most important antigen presenting cells, act as bridges connecting the adaptive and innate immune systems, and play a crucial role in the regulation of local homeostasis in the gut and are also essential mediators in the initiation and development of intestinal inflammation. Our recent study found that sauchinone (SAU) was able to ameliorate experimental colitis in mice by restraining Th17 cell differentiation and their pathogenicity. Here, we found that SAU significantly inhibited LPS-induced DC activation. Moreover, SAU suppressed the ability of LPS-primed DC to induce Th1/Th17 cell differentiation, but SAU-treated DC up-regulated their ability to initiate Foxp3(+) Treg cell generation. Of note, we found that genetical ablation of Blimp-1 in DC markedly abrogated the SAU suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokine or promote immunomodulatory molecule production by DC. Blimp-1 deficiency boosted the ability of DC to polarize naive CD4(+) T cells into Th1/Th17 cell lineages. SAU failed to alleviated DSS-induced colitis in mice with Blimp-1-deficient DC. Our results shed new lights on the mechanisms of how SAU regulates DC biology and intestinal inflammation. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.