Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.528, No.1, 213-219, 2020
TM7SF1, an important autophagy regulatory protein in mouse podocytes
The autophagy, which can be regulated by lysosomal membrane proteins, plays a critical role in maintaining normal podocyte function. TM7SF1 is a novel lysosomal membrane protein, but its effect on autophagy is still unknown. This study aimed to identify the role of TM7SF1 in mouse podocyte (MPC5) autophagy. Interestingly, we detected an increase in LC3BII and SQSTM1/P62 in MPC5 through inhibiting TM7SF1, and which can be completely corrected after blocking the autolysosome degradation with chloroquine (CQ). Moreover, inhibition of TM7SF1 expression did not increase the mRNA level of SQSTM1/P62. Theses results suggested that inhibition of TM7SF1 led to impaired degradation of autophagy products, which manifest as an abnormal accumulation of LC3BII and SQSTM1/P62. Further studies showed that the downregulation of TM7SF1 resulted in a significant decrease in the number of acid lysosomes, which directly led to decreases in the number and function of autolysosomes. In conclusion, TM7SF1 is therefore essential for autolysosomes degradation pathway at the end of autophagy flow, and for the maintenance of podocyte function. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.