Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.528, No.1, 206-212, 2020
Heat stress induces RIP1/RIP3-dependent necroptosis through the MAPK, NF-kappa B, and c-Jun signaling pathways in pulmonary vascular endothelial cells
Necroptosis represents a newly defined form of regulated necrosis and participates in various human inflammatory diseases. It remains unclear whether necroptosis is presented in heatstroke-induced lung injury. We show that heat stress(HS) triggered an significant upregulation of receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) and mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) expression in a time-dependent manner, without a significant change of receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3). Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation assays showed that RIP1 binds to RIP3 to form the necrosome in heat stress-induced PMVECs. In vitro, necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) pre-treatment reduced heat stress-induced PMVECs necroptosis, which also inhibited HMGB1 translocation from the nucleus into the cytoplasm. Similarly, inhibition for ERK (PD98059), NF-kappa B (BAY11-7082) and c-Jun (c-Jun peptide), respectively, also suppressed the HMGB1 cytoplasm translocation. Furthermore, siRNA-mediated RIP1/RIP3 knockdown negatively regulated the release of HMGB1 in HS-induced necroptosis through the ERK, NF-kappa B, and c-Jun signaling pathways. Our study reveals that HS induces RIP1/RIP3-dependent necroptosis through the MAPK, NF-kappa B, and c-Jun signaling pathways in PMVECs. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.