Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.528, No.1, 1-6, 2020
The role of a lncRNA (TCONS_00044595) in regulating pineal CLOCK expression after neonatal hypoxia-ischemia brain injury
A common, yet often neglectable, feature of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) is circadian rhythm disorders resulted from pineal gland dysfunction. Our previous work demonstrated that miRNAs play an important role in regulating key circadian genes in the pineal gland post HIBD [5,21]. In current study, we sought out to extend our investigation by profiling expression changes of pineal long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) upon neonatal HIBD using RNA-Seq. After validating lncRNA changes, we showed that one lncRNA: TCONS_00044595 is highly enriched in the pineal gland and exhibits a circadian expression pattern. Next, we performed bioinformatic analysis to predict the lncRNA-miRNA regulatory network and identified 168 miRNAs that potentially targetlncRNA TCONS_00044595. We further validated the bona fide interaction between one candidate miRNA: miR-182, a known factor to regulate pineal Clock expression, and lncRNA TCONS_00044595. Finally, we showed that suppression of lncRNA TCONS_00044595 alleviated the CLOCK activation both in the cultured pinealocytes under OGD conditions and in the pineal gland post HIBD in vivo. Our study thus shed light into novel mechanisms of pathophysiology of pineal dysfunction post neonatal HIBD. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.