Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.528, No.3, 447-452, 2020
Arabidopsis COG6 is essential for pollen tube growth and Golgi structure maintenance
The conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex, which consists of eight subunits named COG1eCOG8, is highly conserved with homologous subunits present in most eukaryotic species. In yeast and mammalian, the COG complex has been implicated in the tethering of retrograde intra-Golgi vesicles. Although homologs of COG subunits have been identified in Arabidopsis, the functions of the complex and its subunits remain to be fully elucidated. In this study, we have utilized genetic and cytologic approaches to characterize the role of the COG6 subunit. We showed that a mutation in COG6 caused male transmission defect due to aberrant pollen tube growth. At the subcellular level, Golgi bodies exhibited altered morphology in cog6 pollen and cell wall components were incorrectly deposited in pollen tubes. COG6 fused to green fluorescent protein (GFP), which complemented the aberrant growth of cog6 pollen tubes, was localized to the Golgi apparatus. We propose that COG6, as a subunit of the COG complex, modulates Golgi morphology and vesicle trafficking homeostasis during pollen tube growth. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.