Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.529, No.1, 43-50, 2020
Ubiquitination of IGF2BP3 by E3 ligase MKRN2 regulates the proliferation and migration of human neuroblastoma SHSY5Y cells
Neuroblastoma (NB) is a paediatric tumour that shows great biomolecule and clinical heterogeneity, and patients with NB often develop various neurological complications. Currently, the disease is mainly treated by surgery and still lacks specific therapeutic drugs; therefore, targets are urgently needed. Makorin ring finger protein 2 (MKRN2) is an E3 ligase whose effects on neuroblastoma have not been illustrated. shRNAs for MKRN2 have been designed, and MKRN2-knockdown human neuroblastoma SHSY5Y cells were established. MKRN2 knockdown promotes the proliferation and migration of SHSY5Y cells. Because MKRN2 is an E3 ligase, we performed a series of experiments, and Insulin-like growth factor-2 mRNA-binding protein 3 (IGF2BP3) was identified as a new substrate for MKRN2. IGF2BP3 is an RNA-binding protein that regulates the stability of many mRNAs, including CD44 and PDPN, and our study demonstrated that MKRN2 regulates the expression of CD44 and PDPN in an IGF2BP3-dependent manner. These results suggest that MKRN2 might be a potential therapeutic target for neuroblastoma. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.