Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.529, No.1, 7-14, 2020
Topical GDF11 accelerates skin wound healing in both type 1 and 2 diabetic mouse models
This study aimed to investigate the role of truncated growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), in which the recognition site of Furin from wild-type GDF11 was deleted to enhance the cellular stability, in skin wound healing in the setting of diabetes mellitus (DM) and the underlying mechanisms. Our study found that both truncated and natural GDF11 s effectively accelerated wound healing processes in both T1DM and T2DM mice with a potency compatible to PDGF, bFGF, and EGF, but being much higher than GDF8. At the cellular level, GDF11 stimulated the proliferation and suppressed HG-induced apoptosis of HSFs. Further study revealed that GDF11 activated the YAP-Smad2/3-CTGF fibrotic signaling pathway by reversing HG-induced upregulation of phosphorylated form of YAP (p-YAP), increases p-Smad2/3 levels, and restoring HG-induced repression of CTGF expression by GDF11. Overall, the study shows that both natural and truncated GDF11 s promote the healing process of skin wound in mice of both T1DM and T2DM partly via stimulating dermal fibrosis via the YAP-Smad2/3-CTGF pathway, suggesting it a potential agent for treating skin wound in diabetic population. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.