Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.529, No.2, 462-466, 2020
Age-related dysfunction of p53-regulated phagocytic activity in macrophages
Aging promotes polarization of M2-like macrophages to M1-like macrophages and reduces their phagocytic ability. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these aging-related changes remain poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that p53 regulates phagocytic activity in macrophages from young mice but not in those from old ones. Macrophages from both old and young mice expressed functional p53 to induce target genes including p21 and Mdm2. In macrophages from young mice, chemically induced p53 decreased phagocytic activity and c-Myc levels, with the latter change reducing M2-related genes. However, in macrophages from old mice, phagocytic activity and c-Myc expression were independent of p53 activity. Furthermore, c-Myc suppression did not affect M2-related genes in old-mouse macrophages. These results demonstrate that dysregulation of p53 function is a molecular mechanism underlying reduced phagocytic activity in aged-mouse macrophages. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.