Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.529, No.2, 210-217, 2020
The long noncoding RNA H19 attenuates force-driven cartilage degeneration via miR-483-5p/Dusp5
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common hip disease characterized by abnormal development of the acetabulum and femoral head. In most cases, DDH ultimately leads to osteoarthritis. Anomalous biomechanical force plays an important role in cartilage degeneration in DDH. However, in addition to mechanical wear, the underlying molecular mechanisms in cartilage degeneration in DDH remain unclear. This study analyzed the effect of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA)-H19 on DDH cartilage degradation. To elucidate the specific role of lncRNA H19, we established an intermittent cyclic mechanical stress (ICMS) cell force model to simulate abnormal biomechanical environment in vitro. Then, the roles of lncRNA-H19 were also determined in vivo by establishing a model of swaddling DDH. We observed that patients with DDH possessed low levels of lncRNA-H19, COL2A1, and Aggrecan but high levels of MMP3 and Adamts5. The same results were also obtained in a DDH rat model. Furthermore, the data suggested that ICMS promoted cartilage degeneration and caused reorientation of the cytoskeleton, and lncRNA H19 helped inhibit cartilage degeneration. Bioinformatics analysis and lncRNA sequencing were performed, and luciferase assays showed that lncRNA H19 and Dusp5 are both direct targets of miR-483-5p. Moreover, Dups5 plays a negative role in ICMS-induced cartilage degradation by activating the Erk and p38 pathways. In vivo, lncRNA H19 had protective effects on the swaddling DDH model. These findings indicate that lncRNA-H19 played a positive role in cartilage degradation in DDH through the lncRNA H19/miR-483-5p/Dusp5 axis. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.