Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.31, No.3, 1274-1279, 2020
Metal encapsulation in zeolite particles: A rational design of zeolite-supported catalyst with maximum site activity
Zeolite-supported metal catalysts have been proven effective in many important catalytic reactions, such as hydrogenation, Fisher-Tropsch synthesis, automobile exhaust catalysis, selective catalytic reduction and many others. Despite the successful preparation of the catalyst through widely adopted methods, including ion exchange and impregnation, the metal dispersion over the zeolite is lack of control with high randomness. This renders the so-called "catalytic performance" an overall contribution from the metal sites located inside the zeolite micropores and those located on the external surface. This is exceptionally true for small to medium pore zeolites with typical free apertures of 0.3-0.6 nm (such as LTA and MFI). A more rational design of zeolite-supported metal catalysts is by encapsulating the metal nanoparticles or clusters within zeolite pores prior to the zeolite formation. Encapsulation of metals in zeolite prevents them from sintering and sulphur poisoning by cage confinement and molecular exclusion (via well-defined pore size and shape), respectively. This paper gives a new perspective on using metal clusters and nanoparticles as catalysts and the design of an effective zeolite-supported catalytic system. (C) 2020 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V.