Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.31, No.7, 2912-2920, 2020
Particle defects and related properties of metallic powders produced by plasma rotating electrode process
Flowability, particle size distribution and particle inner pore features for powders of Ti-6Al-4V, 316-steel, and Co-29Cr-6Mo alloys produced by plasma rotating electrode process (PREP) at various rotation speeds are analyzed by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and synchrotron X-ray computed tomography (CT). The results show that powder flowability is related to particle size distribution, surface morphology and dynamic friction coefficient of the alloy itself. This results in the higher powder flowability at low rotation speed than that at high rotation speed. Average particle size is roughly proportional to the square root of the reciprocal of rotation speed. In addition, particle size has an important effect on the particle porosity and the number faction of hollow powder in coarse powder is obviously larger than that in fine powder. Meanwhile, the alloy composition also plays a key role on porosity due to the various surface tension of alloys. (C) 2020 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.