Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.31, No.7, 2890-2900, 2020
Fabrication of Bi2WO6/In2O3 photocatalysts with efficient photocatalytic performance for the degradation of organic pollutants: Insight into the role of oxygen vacancy and heterojunction
Photocatalysis is an attractive and green strategy for organic pollutant removal. The development of alternative and effective photocatalysts has attracted great attention. Herein, we rationally engineer an alternative rich-oxygen vacancies (OVs) Bi2WO6/In2O3 composite photocatalyst via integrating the calcination and hydrothermal method for removing organic dyes (rhodamine B). Thanks to the synergistic effect of OVs and heterojunction structure, the 80 wt% Bi2WO6/In2O3 (BiIn80) displays enhanced photocatalytic degradation effect. The degradation rate of BiIn80 is up to 97.3% under light irradiation within 120 min and the reaction rate constant k value (0.03221 min(-1)) is about 15-fold and 4.17-fold as high as those of In2O3 (0.00203 min(-1)) and Bi2WO6 (0.00772 min(-1)), respectively. The heterostructure of Bi2WO6/In2O3 can extend the lifespan of the photogenerated charge carriers. Moreover, the density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal that the OVs in Bi2WO6/In2O3 can boost visible light absorbability by decreasing band gap value and serve as the extra electron transfer channels to enhance the separation efficiency of photogenerated electron-hole pairs. This study not only provides an alternative route for fabricating highly efficient heterojunction photocatalysts, but also obtains better understanding of the synergistic effect of OVs and heterojunction on enhancing the photocatalytic performance. (C) 2020 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.