Solar Energy, Vol.196, 505-512, 2020
Investigation of photocatalytic activity through photo-thermal heating enabled by Fe3O4/TiO2 composite under magnetic field
The significant improvement in photocatalytic activity achieved in recent years has generated widespread attention due to its utilization in solar energy. In this study, two shapes of magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized using hydrothermal method. The magnetic nanoparticles exhibited superior photocatalytic activity for water treatment, which takes into consideration the photo-thermal conversion of magnetic nanoparticles. The effect of morphology on the photo-degradation was analyzed by the specific surface area measurement and photoluminescence test. Furthermore, the suspension degradation rate with magnetic nanoparticles was enhanced by similar to 200% compared to a commercial photocatalyst. Moreover, the photo-degradation efficiency further increased from 96.4 to 99.6% with the magnetic field intensity increased because of the absorbance ability enhancement. This result indicates that the photocatalytic activity of a magnetic photocatalyst can be enhanced through photothermal conversion and magnetic field regulation, which expands the application of solar power technology.