Solar Energy, Vol.199, 872-884, 2020
Enhanced solar cell performance of P3HT:PCBM by SnS nanoparticles
In this research, un- and zinc (Zn)-doped tin sulfide (SnS) nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by ultrasound method and added to the active layer of ITO/PEDOT:PSS/P3HT: PCBM/Al polymer solar cells (PSCs). The structural, optical, and electrical properties due to the influence of NPs on solar cell performance were investigated. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of the NPs indicates the formation of orthorhombic polycrystalline SnS. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) images show spherical particles with size less than 100 nm for un- and Zn-doped SnS samples. Optical analysis of the cells shows a decrease in the band gap due to the presence of un- and Zn-doped SnS NPs. Photovoltaic characterization of the samples shows that by adding NPs to the polymer film, the device performance improves significantly compared to the absence of NPs. The presence of NPs with different concentrations and structural defects affects the electro-optical properties of the samples.