Solar Energy, Vol.199, 55-62, 2020
Elucidating the mechanism of potential induced degradation delay effect by ultraviolet light irradiation for p-type crystalline silicon solar cells
A mechanism of potential induced degradation (PID) delay effect by ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation during PID test for p-type crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells was proposed in this work. The degradation rate of the solar cell performances is slowed down by the UV light irradiation in the 300-390 nm wavelength range during PID test. The conductivity increase of the silicon nitride (SiNx) anti-reflection coating (ARC) layer on the solar cell surface under UV light irradiation during PID tests, which relates to the mechanism preventing the penetration of sodium ions into the active cell layer, induces the PID delay effect for the p-type c-Si solar cells. The PID delay effect was also analyzed by a microwave photo-conductance decay (mu-PCD) technique in this work. The reduction behavior of the components in the mu-PCD signal curves including rapid (tau(1)) and slow (tau(2)) decay time constants and the effective lifetime (tau(eff)) presents a good correlation with the performance degradation behavior of the solar cells over PID test duration. Moreover, the reduction rate of these components is also slowed down under the UV light irradiation in the 300-390 nm wavelength range during PID tests. Notably, their reduction behavior was compatible with the mechanism of the conductivity increase of the SiN x ARC layer under UV light irradiation.