Solar Energy, Vol.201, 453-460, 2020
Deep learning based automatic defect identification of photovoltaic module using electroluminescence images
The maintenance of large-scale photovoltaic (PV) power plants is considered as an outstanding challenge for years. This paper presented a deep learning-based defect detection of PV modules using electroluminescence images through addressing two technical challenges: (1) providing a large number of high-quality Electroluminescence (EL) image generation method for the limit of EL image samples; and (2) an efficient model for automatic defect classification with the generated EL image. The EL image generation approach combines traditional image processing technology and GAN characteristics. It can produce a large number of EL image samples with high resolution using a limited number of samples. Then, a convolution neural network (CNN) based model for the automatic classification of defects in an EL image is presented. CNN is used to extract the deep feature of the EL image. It can greatly increase the accuracy and efficiency of PV modules inspection and health management in comparison with the other solutions. The proposed solution is assessed through extensive experiments by using the existing machine learning models, VGG16, ResNet50, Inception V3 and MobileNet, as the comparison benchmarks. The numerical results confirm that the proposed deep learning-based solution can carry out efficient and accurate defect detection automatically using the electroluminescence images.