화학공학소재연구정보센터
Science, Vol.367, No.6483, 1255-+, 2020
mRNA destabilization by BTG1 and BTG2 maintains T cell quiescence
T cells maintain a quiescent state prior to activation. As inappropriate T cell activation can cause disease, T cell quiescence must be preserved. Despite its importance, the mechanisms underlying the "quiescent state" remain elusive. Here, we identify BTG1 and BTG2 (BTG1/2) as factors responsible for T cell quiescence. BTG1/2-deficient T cells show an increased proliferation and spontaneous activation due to a global increase in messenger RNA (mRNA) abundance, which reduces the threshold to activation. BTG1/2 deficiency leads to an increase in polyadenylate tail length, resulting in a greater mRNA half-life. Thus, BTG1/2 promote the deadenylation and degradation of mRNA to secure T cell quiescence. Our study reveals a key mechanism underlying T cell quiescence and suggests that low mRNA abundance is a crucial feature for maintaining quiescence.