Process Biochemistry, Vol.88, 97-105, 2020
Autocatalytic hydrothermal pretreatment by recycling byproduct organic acids to directionally depolymerize cassava straw
A two-stage autocatalytic hydrothermal pretreatment was proposed to improve the cassava straw utilization. The two-stage hydrothermal pretreatment was a process of which the first stage adopted lower-severity conditions (temperature and time) to improve the C-5 sugar yields and the second stage employed more severities to enhance C-6 sugar yield during enzyme hydrolysis. After employing this process, the maximum yields of C-5 and C-6 sugars were 68.49% and 81.02% when treating at 180 degrees C for 60 min for the first stage and 200 degrees C for 20 min for the second stage. Based on this, the autocatalytic pretreatment was investigated, which was a method to further enhance the pretreatment intensity by recycling pretreated liquid rich in byproduct organic acids (acetic acid, lactic acid and formic acid) during two-stage hydrothermal pretreatment. The results showed that the C-5 sugar yields of the first stage increased to 81.12% when recycled pretreated liquid twice, which led to 0.93 wt% byproduct organic acid. After the second stage, the C-6 sugar yield increased to 88.60% during enzymatic hydrolysis. Besides, mass balance and development potentials were analyzed. The results revealed that two-stage autocatalytic hydrothermal pretreatment could effectively enhance pretreatment intensity and provide promising methods of directionally depolymerizing cassava straws.