Process Biochemistry, Vol.88, 78-89, 2020
A study on increasing enzymatic stability and activity of Baliospermum montanum hydroxynitrile lyase in biocatalysis
HNL catalysis is usually carried out in a biphasic solvent and at low pH to suppress the non-enzymatic synthesis of racemic cyanohydrins. However, enzyme stability under these conditions remain a challenge. We have investigated the effect of different biocatalytic parameters, i.e., pH, temperature, buffer concentrations, presence of stabilizers, organic solvents, and chemical additives on the stability of Baliospermum montanum hydroxynitrile lyase (BmHNL). Unexpectedly, glycerol (50 mg/mL) added BmHNL biocatalysis had produced > 99% of (S)-mandelonitrile from benzaldehyde, while without glycerol it is 54% ee. Similarly, BmHNL had converted 3-phenoxy benzaldehyde and 3,5-dimethoxy benzaldehyde, to their corresponding cyanohydrins in the presence of glycerol. Among the different stabilizers added to BmHNL at low pH, 400 mg/mL of sucrose had increased enzyme's half-life more than fivefold. BmHNL's stability study showed half-lives of 554, 686, and 690 h at its optimum pH 5.5, temperature 20 degrees C, buffer concentration, i.e., 100 mM citrate-phosphate pH 5.5. Addition of benzaldehyde as inhibitor, chemical additives, and the presence of organic solvents have decreased both the stability and activity of BmHNL, compared to their absence. Secondary structural study by CD-spectrophotometer showed that BmHNL's structure is least affected in the presence of different organic solvents and temperatures.
Keywords:Biocatalysis;Hydroxynitrile lyase;Chiral cyanohydrins;Enzymatic stability;Polyols;Enantioselectivity