Process Biochemistry, Vol.89, 20-28, 2020
Intracellular metabolite profiling and the evaluation of metabolite extraction solvents for Clostridium carboxidivorans fermenting carbon monoxide
Clostridium carboxidivorans ferments CO, CO2, and H-2 via the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway. CO, CO2, and H-2 are unique substrates, unlike other carbon sources like glucose, so it is necessary to analyze intracellular metabolite profiles for gas fermentation by C. carboxidivorans for metabolic engineering. Moreover, it is necessary to optimize the metabolite extraction solvent specifically for C. carboxidivorans fermenting syngas. In comparison with glucose media, the gas media allowed significant abundance changes of 38 and 34 metabolites in the exponential and stationary phases, respectively. Especially, C. carboxidivorans cultivated in the gas media showed changes of fatty acid metabolism and higher levels of intracellular fatty acid synthesis possibly due to cofactor imbalance and slow metabolism. Meanwhile, the evaluation of extraction solvents revealed the mixture of water-isopropanol-methanol (2:2:5, v/v/v) to be the best extraction solvent, which showed a higher extraction capability and reproducibility than pure methanol, the conventional extraction solvent. This is the first metabolomic study to demonstrate the unique intracellular metabolite profiles of the gas fermentation compared to glucose fermentation, and to evaluate water-isopropanol-methanol as the optimal metabolite extraction solvent for C. carboxidivorans on gas fermentation.