Process Biochemistry, Vol.92, 401-408, 2020
Lactic acid and animal feeds production from Sophora flavescens residues by Rhizopus oryzae fermentation
In this study, the feasibility of producing lactic acid and animal feeds from Sophora flavescens residues (SFR) by Rhizopus oryzae was explored. Results showed that the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) is the optimal fermentation mode, which was simple and high-efficiency. When the inoculation volume of R. oryzae was 10 % and the pH value was adjusted by adding CaCO3 in stages during SSF, the maximum concentration of lactic acid was 46.78 g/L, and the maximum lactic acid productivity reached 0.97 g/L/h. Results also showed that the protein content of the solid residues after fermentation of R. oryzae reached 12.15 %. This content was 46 times higher than that by the original SERs and nearly 4.3 times the protein content of the solid residues after fermentation by Enterococcus faecium. In addition, the solid residues after fermentation rich in Fe and Zn could be used as animal feeds or feed additives. Thus, it is expected that this study may provide a novel approach for Chinese medicine residues treatment towards full resource recovery.