Powder Technology, Vol.362, 238-245, 2020
Investigation of the dust control performance of a new transverse-flow air curtain soft-sealing system
On account of certain technological requirements, it is difficult for some industrial processes that generate dust to be sealed in a fixed pattern and ventilated for dust discharge, mainly automatic welding, pressure casting, wood processing, and crop production, which has become a significant bottleneck in dust control. The present study developed a transverse-flow soft-sealing dust control system, in which four novel air curtain generators were arranged in a square pattern within the region where dust was generated to create end-to-end planar transverse-flow air curtains and achieve soft sealing. The air suction inlet was placed centrally above the area where dust was generated; under the suction airflow, the dusty air was gradually diluted and driven away to effectively suppress dust escape. The flow field characteristics in the area where dust was generated and the performance of the developed sealing system in controlling fine smoke dust were qualitatively analyzed using a tracing experiment with smoke dust. Tracing experimental results on leaf powder qualitatively reveal directional dust control of large dust particles. Moreover, the dust control efficiency was evaluated under different conditions to quantitatively investigate the effects of air curtain outlet velocity, exhaust-to-pressure ratio, and jet angle. The results show that with a greater air supply and air suction rate, the airflow exhibited a more obvious entrainment effect and stronger dust exhaust and discharge, and simultaneously, the formed tracing smoke column had a clearer boundary. At an air curtain outlet velocity of 6.27-839 m/s and a corresponding air supply rate of 17.00-22.57 m(3)/min, a stable air curtain was formed, which achieved remarkable dust control at an exhaust-to-pressure ratio of 0.8-1.0. With an increase in the air curtain jet angle, the dust control efficiency of the system first increased but subsequently decreased. In the present study, the appropriate air curtain jet angle was 10-20 degrees for the developed soft-sealing system. In conclusion, when the air curtain outlet velocity, exhaust-to-pressure ratio, and jet angle were 6.27 m/s, 0.6, and 15 degrees, respectively, the dust control efficiency of the developed soft-sealing system reached 92.6%. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V, All rights reserved.