Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.142, No.7, 3346-3350, 2020
Selectively Addressable Photogenerated Spin Qubit Pairs in DNA Hairpins
Photoinduced electron transfer can produce radical pairs having two quantum entangled electron spins that can act as spin qubits in quantum information applications. Manipulation of these spin qubits requires selective addressing of each spin using microwave pulses. In this work, photogenerated spin qubit pairs are prepared within chromophore-modified DNA hairpins with varying spin qubit distances, and are probed using transient EPR spectroscopy. By performing pulse-EPR measurements on the shortest hairpin, selective addressing of each spin qubit comprising the pair is demonstrated. Furthermore, these spin qubit pairs have coherence times of more than 4 mu s, which provides a comfortable time window for performing complex spin manipulations for quantum information applications. The applicability of these DNA-based photogenerated two-qubit systems is discussed in the context of quantum gate operations, specifically the controlled-NOT gate.