화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.566, 60-68, 2020
Dramatic efficiency boost of single-walled carbon nanotube-silicon hybrid solar cells through exposure to ppm nitrogen dioxide in air: An ab-initio assessment of the measured device performances
We observed a 73% enhancement of the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of a photovoltaic cell based on a single wall carbon nanotube/Si hybrid junction after exposing the device to a limited amount (10 ppm) of NO2 diluted in dry air. On the basis of a computational modeling of the junction, this enhancement is discussed in terms of both carbon nanotube (CNT) p-doping, induced by the interaction with the oxidizing molecules, and work function changes across the junction. Unlike studies so far reported, where the PCE enhancement was correlated only qualitatively to CNT doping, our study (i) provides a novel and reversible path to tune and considerably enhance the cell efficiency by a few ppm gas exposure, and (ii) shows computational results that quantitatively relate the observed effects to the electrostatics of the cell through a systematic calculation of the work function. These effects have been cross-checked by exposing the cell to reducing molecules (i.e center dot NH3) that resulted to be detrimental to the cell efficiency, consistently with the theoretical ab-initio calculations. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.