Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.568, 81-88, 2020
Precise preparation of WO3@SnO2 core shell nanosheets for efficient NH3 gas sensing
Development of high-performance ammonia (NH3) sensor is imperative for monitoring NH3 in the living environment. In this work, to obtain a high performance NH3 gas sensor, structurally well-defined WO3@SnO2 core shell nanosheets with a controllable thickness of SnO2 shell layer have been employed as sensing materials. The prepared core shell nanosheets were used to obtain a miniaturized gas sensor based on micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS). By tuning the thickness of SnO2 layer via atomic layer deposition, a series of WO3@SnO2 core-shell nanosheets with tunable sensing properties were realized. Particularly, the sensor base on the fabricated WO3@SnO2 nanosheets with 20-nm SnO2 shell layer demonstrated superior gas sensing performance with the highest response (1.55) and selectivity toward 15 ppm NH3 at 200 degrees C. This remarkable enhancement of NH3 sensing ability could be ascribed to the formation of unique WO3-SnO2 core-shell heterojunction structure. The detailed mechanism was elucidated by the heterojunction-depletion model with the help of specific band alignment. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.