Journal of Catalysis, Vol.384, 218-230, 2020
Gas-phase selective oxidation of cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone over Au/Mg1-xCuxCr2O4 catalysts: On the role of Cu doping
The industrial production of cyclohexanone from cyclohexanol would benefit from a selective oxidation catalyst. Herein, Cu doping of MgCr2O4 supports for gold nanoparticles active in gas-phase oxidation of cyclohexanol was investigated. Mg1-xCuxCr2O4 exhibited spinel structures (x <= 0.25: MgCr2O4; x = 1: CuCr2O4) onto which 3-4 nm gold nanoparticles could be dispersed. Cu doping led to higher activity. During reaction, surface Cu2+ was reduced to CuO, resulting in AuACu alloy formation. At low temperature, low-Cu-content catalysts (x <= 0.1) showed higher activity than high-Cu-content catalysts, likely because the AuACu alloy with highly diluted Cu was more active for the dehydrogenation step of cyclohexanol. However, Au/Mg0.99Cu0.01Cr2O4 and Au/Mg0.9Cu0.1Cr2O4 showed lower cyclohexanol conversion at high temperature than samples with high Cu content, because O-2 activation involving Cu becomes rate-limiting. Stable cyclohexanol conversion and cyclohexanone selectivity were 99.1% and 90.2% (space-time yield of 266 gKetone gAu(-)1 h(-1)) for Au/Mg0.25Cu0.75Cr2O4 at 300 degrees C. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.