Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.129, No.1, 77-85, 2020
Poultry slaughterhouse anaerobic ponds as a source of inoculum for biohydrogen production
Several waste sources have been studied as substrate sources for the production of biogas rich in hydrogen and for the isolation of bacteria capable of fermenting several substrates for the same purpose. Nonetheless, to simplify the process and minimize production costs, it is important to seek alternatives both for the use of microbial consortia using crude waste and for the use of substrates also in their crude form, without the need for purification. The aim of this study was to use only waste as inoculum and substrate for the biological production of hydrogen. Thus, samples from anaerobic ponds of a poultry slaughterhouse were used as inoculum. Sucrose, pure glycerol (in initial tests) and crude glycerol (inserted in blends with pure glycerol) were used as substrates. H-2 production experiments were conducted in batches, using a reactor kept in an anaerobic environment for 11 days, at 35 degrees C, under orbital agitation at 150 rpm. To analyse the composition of the biogas and the presence of soluble metabolic products (SMPs), samples of the headspace gases generated and of the reaction medium were collected. The results using sucrose as substrate indicated that the inoculum under study has potential for bio-H-2 production, as it produced CH4-free biogas containing 50-60% H-2. The inoculum was also shown to be adaptable to the use of glycerine as a substrate, producing biogas with similar characteristics to those obtained from sucrose degradation; however, it required a longer acclimatization period, and thus more in-depth study is required. (C) 2019, The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. All rights reserved.