International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.1, 391-400, 2020
Co-Ni based hybrid transition metal oxide nanostructures for cost-effective bi-functional electrocatalytic oxygen and hydrogen evolution reactions
Water splitting is widely regarded as one of the promising technologies for hydrogen fuel production and foreshadowed to assist in meeting the global energy demand as a sustainable and reliable energy technology. In this regard, we report on the facile chemical synthesis of hybrid Cobalt (Co) and Nickel (Ni) oxide nanostructure for low-cost bifunctional electrocatalytic water splitting applications. Their crystalline characteristics and chemical structure were studied using X-ray diffraction and Fourier-Transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum. The nanostructure morphology was investigated by scanning and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (SEWHRTEM). The 2(+) and 3(+) valence state of Co and Ni metal ions was identified using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The hybrid oxide electrocatalyst was found to display an excellent oxygen/hydrogen evolution reaction (OER/HER activity) in alkaline condition. The realization of random heterojunction configuration across the hybrid nanostructures was found to offer an improved conductivity and enhanced charge transfer capability to promote the gas evolution kinetics. Overpotential value of 203 and 378 mV was registered from the respective OER and HER polarization curves (for current density of +/- 10 mA cm(-2)). Tafel slope of 87 mV/dec for OER and 90 mV/dec for HER along with the long-term stability results authenticated the anodic/cathodic characteristics of hybrid oxides for overall water splitting applications. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.