International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.1, 322-336, 2020
Optimization and study of performance parameters in an engine fueled with hydrogen
Engine performance parameters, including fuel conversion efficiency (FCE), power, torque and specific fuel consumption (SFC), can be affected by variables such as ignition timing (IGT), injection timing (IT) and hydrogen volume fraction (H2%). In this paper an engine fueled with different H2/CNG blend rations from 0 to 50% volume under ignition and injection timing at different speeds were investigated. For model validation, the engine operating conditions were simulated using the AVL fire software and compared with experimental results. The statistical comparison showed that there was no significant difference between them. Also, a support vector machine (SVM) was used to study the engines behavior according to the variables studied. The SVM model predicted the FCE, power, torque, SFC and CO with error of less than 4%. The Genetic Algorithm (GA) was used to find optimal IGT, IT and H2% values to achieve optimum engine performance. Therefore, the results showed that the optimum engine operating conditions depend on the engine speed. Also, the results showed that independent variables (IT, IGT and H2%) maximize the engine performance and minimize SFC and CO emission. So that the optimum use of hydrogen in this research at different engine speeds was between 20% and 30%. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.