International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.3, 2022-2033, 2020
Calcium hydrazinidoborane: Synthesis, characterization, and promises for hydrogen storage
Viewing calcium hydrazinidoborane Ca(N2H3BH3)(2) (9.3 wt% H) as a potential hydrogen storage material, we long sought to synthesize it by solid-solid reaction of calcium hydride CaH2 and hydrazine borane N2H4BH3. However, it was elusive because of unsuitable experimental conditions. In situ synchrotron thermodiffraction helped us to identify the key role played by the temperature in the formation of the new phase. From 45 degrees C, new diffraction peaks appear, and the DSC analysis shows an exothermic signal. Thermal activation is thus required to make solid-state CaH2 react with melted (liquid-state) N2H4BH3. The XRD pattern can be indexed using a mixture of two phases: (i) unreacted CaH2 as a minor phase (29 wt%) and (ii) the hitherto elusive Ca(N2H3BH3)(2) (71 wt%). The as formed Ca(N2H3BH3)2 crystallizes in a monoclinic Ic (No. 9) unit cell where the intermolecular interactions form chains (layers) along the a axis, resulting in intra-chain and interchain Ca center dot center dot center dot Ca distances as short as 4.39 and 7.04 angstrom respectively. Beyond 90 degrees C, Ca(N2H3- BH3)(2) decomposes, as evidenced by the diffraction peaks fading, an exothermic signal revealed by DSC, a weight loss (5.3 wt% at 200 degrees C) observed by TGA, and a gas release (H-2, and some N-2, NH3, N2H4) monitored by MS. The as-formed thermolytic residue is amorphous and of complex polymeric composition. These results and the next challenges, are discussed herein. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.