International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.4, 3108-3122, 2020
Comparison of self-humidification effect on polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell with anodic and cathodic exhaust gas recirculation
Self-humidification with anode/cathode recirculation was found to be an alternative in the place of external humidifier according to the previous studies in the last decade, however, there is still a lack of quantitative experimental and theoretical comparison between them. In this study, the dynamic PEM fuel cell system model with anodic and cathodic exhaust gas recirculation is proposed and related model calibration and verification are carried out by measured output voltage, gaseous pressure and mole concentration during the dynamic process. The model simulation shows quite good agreement with the experimental result and source of error is discussed. Based on developed model, it is simulated that the humidification effect is much better for cathode recirculation compared with anode recirculation, resulting in performance improvement, especially under the condition of low inlet RH. However, this improved humidification effect is weakened, considering the structure limit of recirculation pump and gas channel in this case. Besides, the power consumption of cathode recirculation pump is found to be much higher than that of anode recirculation. As a result, the anode recirculation is found to be a better solution considering the energy efficiency and mechanical structure limit. In contrast, cathode recirculation conducts better humidification effect, which is more suitable for the short-time low-inlet-humidity working conditions. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell;System model;Experimental verification;Self-humidification effect;Anodic exhaust gas recirculation;Cathodic exhaust gas recirculation