International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.5, 3414-3434, 2020
A review on the catalysts used for hydrogen production from ammonia borane
Boron compounds have recently attracted attention in hydrogen production since they contain many hydrogen atoms. Among these compounds, ammonia borane, which has high hydrogen density (in weight basis), can be used to produce hydrogen through a hydrolysis reaction. However, since the ammonia borane solution is highly resistant to hydrolysis under ambient conditions, there is a need for active and stable catalysts to accelerate the reaction. In this review paper, unsupported and carbon-based supported metal catalysts used for hydrogen production through the hydrolysis of ammonia borane are presented. Noble metal catalysts (Ru, Rh, Pd, Pt and their binary and ternary alloys) and non-noble metal catalysts (Co, Ni, Fe, Cu and their binary and ternary alloys) were examined. The activation energy of reaction and turnover frequency (TOF) values were compared for these catalysts. Among the unsupported catalysts, it was concluded that the multi-metal catalyst systems (binary, ternary and quaternary) have higher catalytic activity than a single use of the same metals. In addition, the comparison showed that the supported catalysts are more resistant to catalytic cycles and suitable for long-term use. It was observed that CNT supported Rh (TOF = 706 mol H-2 mol cat(-1) min(-1)) and graphene supported Ru (TOF = 600 mol H-2 mol cat(-1) min(-1)) catalysts are the most active catalysts for the hydrogen generation from the ammonia borane at room temperature. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.