International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.7, 5028-5038, 2020
Experimental study on pressure dynamics and self-ignition of pressurized hydrogen flowing into the L-shaped tubes
To investigate the effects of varying right-angle corner locations inside the L-shaped tube on self-ignition induced by high-pressure hydrogen release, a series of experiments were carried out on L-shaped tubes with different right-angle corner locations and a straight tube was adopted for comparison. It is found that compared with the straight tube, the propagation of shock wave in the L-shaped tubes becomes more complicated due to the existence of reflected shock wave. The pressure profiles detected by pressure transducers before the right-angle corner will undergo secondary rapid rise. The varying right-angle corner locations inside the L-shaped tube have a significant influence on self-ignition of hydrogen. The closer the right-angle corner is to the burst disk, the lower the critical pressure that causes hydrogen self-ignition is. Three possible mechanisms of self-ignition inside the L-shaped tubes are discussed. Nevertheless, different right-angle corner locations have no obvious effects on development process of out-tube jet flame, only the velocity of flame tip and the length and width of jet flame have slight differences. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.