International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.8, 5535-5542, 2020
Reversible operation performance of microtubular solid oxide cells with a nickelate-based oxygen electrode
This paper describes the reversible operation of a highly efficient microtubular solid oxide cell (SOC) with a nickelate-based oxygen electrode. The fuel cell was composed of a microtubular support of nickel and yttria stabilized zirconia (Ni-YSZ), an YSZ dense electrolyte, and a double oxygen electrode formed by a first composite layer of praseodymium nickelate (PNO) and gadolinium-doped ceria (CGO) and a second one of PNO. A good performance of the cell was obtained at temperatures up to 800 degrees C for both fuel cell (SOFC) and electrolysis (SOEC) operation modes, specially promising in electrolysis mode. The current density in SOEC mode at 800 degrees C is about -980 mA cm(-2) at 1.2V with 50% steam. Current density versus voltage curves (j-V) present a linear behavior in the electrolysis mode, with a specific cell area resistance (ASR) of 0.32 Omega cm(-2). Durability experiments were carried out switching the voltage from 0.7V to 1.2V. No apparent degradation was observed in fuel cell mode and SOEC mode up to a period of about 100 h. However, after this period especially in electrolysis mode there is an accumulated degradation associated to nickel coarsening, as confirmed by SEM and EIS experiments. Those results confirm that nickelate based oxygen electrodes are excellent candidates for reversible SOCs. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.