International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.8, 5474-5480, 2020
Technical and economical design of PV system and hydrogen storage including a sodium hypochlorite plant in a small community: Case of study of Paraguay
The increasing use of renewable power sources for distributed generation (DG) has made the application of storage system a necessity to ensure the continuous supply. This paper analyzes technically and economically an autonomous sodium hypochlorite plant using a renewable energy source and a hydrogen storage system in the Western Region of Paraguay. In this region, there is abundant underground brackish water to produce industrial and energetic hydrogen. In addition, an isolated photovoltaic (PV) system feeds with electricity an electrolyzes, used for sodium hypochlorite production, and the brackish water and freshwater pumping systems. The hydrogen and fuel cell are used as backup system in the operation of the electrolyzer. Preliminary results show that hydrogen stored during the day can increase hypochlorite production by up to 31%. The PV solar system surplus can supply the demand of an off-grid community near the plant. The results show that the plant's return on investment (ROI) is 7 years. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.