International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.11, 7119-7127, 2020
Pollutant emissions, performance and combustion behaviour assessment of an Si gas engine fuelled with Lcv gas containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen diluted by nitrogen
This paper includes the experimental test data of an SI engine fuelled with simulated LCV gas (Low Calorific Value), which resembles synthesis gas in composition. The LCV gas was simulated by a mixture of carbon monoxide, hydrogen and nitrogen. During the experiment, the lower heating value of the LCV gas was altered by dilution with nitrogen. A single-cylinder Honda GX270 engine was adopted in the experiment to assess the impact of LCV gas on the system performance. This engine is typically used to power various machines and for electrical energy production in small generator sets. A modified engine was connected to an electric generator, which was loaded with an electric resistor. Engine operation was controlled using a microprocessor controller. All tests were performed at constant engine speed (3000 rpm). The engine was working at wide-open throttle for all mixtures. All mixtures were burned at stoichiometric conditions and with fixed value of ignition timing (30 deg bTDC). The indicated performance of the SI engine was evaluated based on the in-cylinder pressure measurements. No significant impact on the main internal parameters of the tested SI engine fuelled with simulated LCV gas diluted by nitrogen was observed. The experimental tests showed that the combustion duration increased for the mixtures with higher content of inert gas. Increase in the LHV raised the specific emissions of NOx and decreased specific emissions of CO and HC. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.