화학공학소재연구정보센터
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.11, 6148-6158, 2020
CuO/ZnO/TiO2 photocathodes for a self-sustaining photocell: Efficient solar energy conversion without external bias and under visible light
We report the results of a p-CuO nanoflake photocathode combined with an n-type TiO2 nanorod-based photoanode in a solar-water-splitting photocell, operating without external bias under visible light illumination. Both p-CuO nanoflakes and n-TiO2 nanorods were successfully fabricated by a low-cost solution-based method on transparent conductive substrates. Photocorrosion of the CuO electrode was suppressed by coating with a 200-nm ZnO/TiO2 protective film, which demonstrated a stability of over 70%. The visible-light response of single crystalline n-TiO2 nanorods was enhanced by sensitization with CdS/CdSe nanoparticles. Finally, the two n- and p-type photoelectrodes were short-circuited in the photocell, and their current-voltage (I-V) characteristics evaluated under visible-light illumination. The results of the I-V measurements reveal that the performance of the photocell strongly depends on the electrochemical properties of each electrode. The photocell comprising highly stable p-CuO and visible-light-active n-TiO2-based photoelectrodes operating without external bias demonstrated a short-circuit current and photoconversion efficiency of similar to 1 mA and 0.57%, respectively, under visible-light illumination. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.