International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.18, 10951-10961, 2020
Effects of alloy compositions on hydrogen behaviors at a nickel grain boundary and a coherent twin boundary
The effects of several common metallic and nonmetal alloy compositions (i.e., Cr, Mo, B, and P) on the energetics and kinetics of hydrogen behaviors at a nickel grain boundary (GB) and a coherent twin boundary (CTB) were systematically investigated by first-principles calculations. H, Cr, Mo, B, and P have a stronger segregation into Ni GB than Ni CTB due to the presence of a cavity in GB. Cr, Mo, B, and P all act as obstacles for H segregation and diffusion in both GB and CTB, but the physical mechanisms are different: In Ni GB, Cr and Mo result in the shrinkage of isosurfaces of optimal charge densities for H, and B and P provide a strong competitive tendency to accumulate into the GB; in Ni CTB, Cr and Mo induce charge accumulation, and B and P result in a repulsive interaction to H. The present study provides the microscopic images of H compositions in Ni GB and CTB under the effects of alloy compositions; this is essential for understanding the mechanism of hydrogen embrittlement (HE) and improving the ability of alloys against HE. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.