International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.20, 11814-11823, 2020
Synthesizing spindle-shaped anion exchange membranes to improve conductivity and stability
High ionic conductivity and excellent alkaline stability are very important for solid electrolyte. Therefore, spindle-shaped anion exchange membranes (AEMs) based on poly (arylene ether ketone) and 1-Bromo-N,N,N-trimethylhexane-6-aminium bromide (Br-QA) have been prepared. The obtained Br-QA can be grafted with poly (arylene ether ketone) main chains to form micro-phase separation structure enhancing the ionic conductivity. Especially, the grafting quaternary ammonium (QA) cation groups are separated by alkyl bromine endows the AEMs with alkaline stability features. Simultaneously, the OH- conductivity of the QA-PAEK-0.6 obtained membranes is 0.046 S/cm under fully hydrated conditions at 60 degrees C. After immersing into 1 M NaOH alkaline solution for 15 days at 60 degrees C, the anionic conductivity still high to 0.03 S/cm. Meanwhile, the poly (arylene ether ketone) backbones provide excellent mechanical properties and the Br-QA cation groups also possess good thermal stability, which satisfy the requirement of wide applications. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.