International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.20, 11484-11491, 2020
Triple hybrid system coupling fuel cell with wind turbine and thermal solar system
One of the most challenging issues in the domain of renewable energy is the instability of produced power. To put it another way, renewable resources such as solar energy cannot provide continuous energy supply because they rely on natural phenomena that vary randomly. That said, to cover the potential lack of energy that may occur, hybrid renewable energy system can be adopted. In other terms, instead of using single renewable energy source, two different sources can be utilized in order to optimize the output power all over the year. Furthermore, complementary energy system is needed along with renewable sources, to store energy and insure the supply during shortage period. With this in mind, a Green-Green energy system can be constructed by using green storage system such as Fuel Cell to be coupled with the renewable sources. In the light of green-green energy concept, the present paper examines a triple wind-solar-fuel cell combination in the aim of overcoming the energy shortage that occurs during several months of the year. A case study on the region of Dahr Al-Baidar in Lebanon is conducted to present the advantage of the proposed system. Results show that combining wind energy system with thermal solar system allows overcoming the low power produced by solar thermal system especially in winter. For illustration 16 kW are produced by wind turbine during the month of January, by contrast the thermal solar system provides 2 kW during the same period. Nevertheless, in June thermal solar offers 17 kW and wind turbine produces 11 kW. (C) 2019 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.