International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.21, 12082-12094, 2020
Thermodynamic characteristic in a cryogenic storage tank under an intermittent sloshing excitation
A numerical calculation model is developed to study the coupled thermal dynamic performance in a cryogenic fuel tank under an intermittent sloshing excitation. Both external heat inputs and the intermittent excitation are realized by User-defined functions. The volume of fluid method is adopted to simulate fluid sloshing, coupled with the mesh motion treatment. Validated against related fluid sloshing experiments, the numerical model was turned out to be acceptable on fluid sloshing prediction. Cooled by subcooled liquid, vapor is always in condensation. The middle vapor pressure test point suffers less from the intermittent excitation and has a linear pressure decrease profile, while the middle liquid pressure test point has fluctuating variations. For vapor and interface temperature monitors, obvious temperature fluctuations appear in the second holding period. While for liquid test points, the temperature profiles experience intensive fluctuations during sloshing periods and stable temperature variation during holding periods. Due to the holding period of external excitation, the tank pressure reduction in intermittent sloshing case is less than that in continuous sloshing case. That is to say the tank pressure decrease rate could be adjusted by proper intermittent excitation. This work is significant to deeply understand fluid sloshing phenomenon under some irregular external excitations in fuel storage tanks. (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.